The history of Tan Cang port, Ba Son
In the past, the port of Tan Cang, Ba Son and Nha Rong – Khanh Hoi (Saigon Port) served as “leverage” to promote the development and prosperity of urban Saigon – Ho Chi Minh City.
After the attack on Chi Hoa station, fully occupied Saigon – Gia Dinh on 25-2-1861, the first action of French army in Saigon is to implement geological survey for the construction of shipyard and ship repair tailstock. After Nhâm Tuất agreement (1862), the French decided to formally build Saigon shipyards with the selected location is thể Nguyễn Anh’s old factory region.
About the name Ba Son, there are several theories. According to scholar Vuong Hong Sen, it was named after a director of Southern. According to Eugène Bonhoure, Bason was deviated from French word, Bassin – boat docks, or Poissons – fish.
After many failures and a series of measure examine: digging wells, piling, deep drilling, the location of building large mound has been identified to be on the promontory between the river channel and Thi Nghe Saigon. After nearly 130 years of continuous service to the Navy Yard through several wars, the dock was still intact today as the inauguration day.
Industrial activity first appeared in Vietnam in Bason shipbuilding and ship repair. The need of colony’s economic development, extending hostilities to expand the territory of the French colonialists had promoted the growth of the workshop. Bason quickly became an important part of the French in Dong Duong.
After Ba Son, factories, industrial establishments in Saigon came one after one: 1866 – Saigon pier, 1869 – spinning mills, steam sawmill, 1877 – rice mill, 1885 – winery, 1886 – Saigon Post and Telecommunications, 1900 – Water and electricity company in Dong Duong… Saigon has became a prosperous commercial city, a port with a special charisma.
Through many ups and downs in the past, today the Bason Corporation has developed modern shipbuilding technology, capable of producing, successfully launched the patrol vessels for offshore search and rescue, potential in saving hundreds of victims; has produced the fast attack missile ship, modern artillery shop for Navy duty of protecting maritime sovereignty …
1/2000 and 1/500 Saigon-Ba Son complex center planning
Since the 2000s, the Ho Chi Minh City government and authorities have decided to remove this sea port to Cai Mep – Thi Vai (Ba Ria – Vung Tau) and Hiep Phuoc (HCMC) to turn this eare into the new central region in 10 years.
Accourding to the planning, the existing center of HCMC is planned into a five functional areas. In wich, 1st zone is the center of business – finance functions of the city. 2nd zone is the center of the culture – history function. 3rd zone is the new multifunctional development area. 4th zone is residential area. 5nd zone is the area adjacent to the south of 1st zone, developed with commercial business functions.
The Tan Cang – Ba Son area is the “heart” of the subdivision 3 from Saigon Bridge to Tan Thuan Bridge, part of Binh Thanh District, District 1 and District 4 (limited by: north by the Saigon bridge, west on Nguyen Huu Canh, Ton Duc Thang street, south on Nguyen Tat Thanh, Te canal, east of Saigon river), an area of approximately 274.8 hectares.
Vinhomes Bason Project
Vinhomes Bason is a real estate project and is expected to be a green miniature city be the city’s riverside.
According to different sources, at the end of November 2015, the Vinhomes Bason Golden River project at center complex Saigon Golden River Bason will be planned as new urban multifunction area including public works, parks, residential area, trading-office-service zone, culture, entertainment, transportation systems, urban infrastructure, culture-conservation, which will meet the need of approximately 10 695 people. Accordingly, Saigon – Golden River Bason complex area has the size of 25.29 ha, whose East and Southeast face the Saigon River, the Southwest faces Ton Duc Thang Street and Thu Thiem 2, the West and West North faces Nguyen Huu Canh street, the North faces Thi Nghe canal.
In particular, the Vinhomes Golden River Bason complex scales 142 625 m2, including the villas group, apartments, commercial services and office services.
The disappear of Ba Son historic factory?
According to the Ministry of Defence, until now Bason Golden River Corporation has handed over the land area of about 22.627m2 for HCMC to build tidal sluices controlling Nhieu Loc – Thi Nghe and to build metro Ben Thanh – Suoi Tien. For Thu Thiem 2 construction projects, the land Golden River Shipyard Bason expected to hand over to the City is 12,000m2.
In addition, the Ministry of Defence will spend a private land to build traditional houses, memorial President Ton Duc Thang and historical works.
Beside that, Ton Thanh – Deputy Director of HCM City Department of Culture and Communications – said the HCMC Department of Culture and Communications has proposed to the leaders of retaining some vestige works of Ba Son port. The proposed works include retaining memorial, mechanical workshop where President Ton Duc Thang worked, the dock…
Facing ideas about the conservation of cultural heritage in the city, Mr.Thanh admitted that the cultural heritage conservation experience in Vietnam today does not correspond to the needs of economic and social development of the city.
Obligation of the Saigonese
Being a historical monument which play an important role for the economic development of South Vietnam, now Ba Son are faced with a future of being replaced by a complex center project in a city full of existing commercial areas.
Thus, after the Tax Trade, should we stand by to see another part of history erased again?
(Reference: tin247.com, cafef.vn)